Chania is the second largest city on the island of Crete and is the capital of the prefecture of Chania. Located 60 km from Rethymno and 145 from Heraklion. It occupies an area of approximately 11 square kilometers and according to the 2001 census has a population of 55,838 people. There was a significant Minoan town has been identified with the ancient Cydonia as historical and based on archaeological research indicates that it is built on the ruins. The ancient Cydonia was a remarkable ancient city, built in prehistoric times by Kydon, son - according to the ancient Cretans Apollo - and Akakalidas bride, daughter of Minos. Mentioned by Homer as one of the most important cities of Crete, while Kydonians considered prehellenic sex. The ancient writers consider Cydonia "mother of the other Cretan cities. There are many theories regarding the etymology of place names in the city. Possibly a corruption of the name (Χθονία) , which was one of the ancient names of Crete, have resulted to the name Chania. According to another version from the Arabian Hani or end of (αλχανία κώμη) (suburb or neighborhood of Cydonia).

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